disinfectant for coronavirus COVID-19
Cleaning and sterilization guide
Cleaning and sterilization recommendations to counter the COVID-19 virus
The transmission of these viruses from one person to another is most often a result of close contact between them, which enables the transmission of respiratory droplets from the infected person to others, causing infection to them. Cleaning and sterilizing dirty surfaces, along with frequent hand washing, is the best practice that enables us to prevent respiratory diseases.
WHO recommendations for cleaning and sterilization
What is the difference between cleaning and sterilizing?
Cleaning is the removal of germs, dirt, and impurities on surfaces, and it does not kill germs completely, but it works to remove them and reduce their numbers and the possibility of their spread and transfer to others.
Sterilization or disinfection is the step that should follow the cleaning of surfaces directly, which actually eliminates germs and thus reduces the risk of spreading infection
Surfaces that must be disinfected regularly
Surfaces that are frequently touched, such as tables, chairs, door handles, light switches, remote controls, sterilization cans, and the cleaning and sterilization tools themselves, must be sterilized, with attention when cleaning rooms designated for isolating individuals and their facilities from bathrooms and others.
These surfaces must be sterilized at least twice a day if there is more than one person at home, and it is preferable to time the cleaning and sterilization process after any family member returns from abroad, and to make sure to wash hands well with soap and water for 30 seconds.
Bathrooms must be sterilized after each use and the person who used the bathroom himself should do so.
How to clean and sterilize
Wear gloves when cleaning surfaces, taking care to dispose of gloves safely after each cleaning process.
The cleaning process depends on the use of water as a primary cleaning substance, accompanied by detergents and soaps generally designated for these uses.
It is preferable to wear single-use masks when cleaning, to avoid transmission of infection.
When sterilizing, bleaching powders (chlorine) must be diluted, and solutions that contain alcohol in their composition must not be less than 60% alcohol.
Be sure to use clean and sterilized tools as well during sterilization (a clean, dry cotton swab, a clean brush that is washed and sterilized before starting work)
Procedures that help facilitate cleaning and sterilization processes at home:
Putting trash cans (with a lid) in crowded places in the house.
Empty the trash daily and correctly dispose of them, in addition to the obligation to wear a mask during that.
It is preferable to empty the waste from an adult who does not suffer from chronic diseases so that the transmission of infection to children, patients, or the elderly is eliminated indirectly.
Allocating certain places for personal belongings such as sunglasses, cell phones, and keys to reduce the chance of infection from spreading to different surfaces.
Make sure to clean hands if hands are dirty, after using the bathroom, before eating or preparing food, after coughing, sneezing, or blowing through the nose, after touching animals, and before and after providing routine care to another person who needs care, such as children and the elderly.
Use sanitary paper continuously to wipe hands and make sure that it is placed in a dry and protected place (box or box) to preserve its sanitary properties.
Cleaning and sanitizing clothes, towels, and other things that are washed
Wearing single-use gloves, especially when dealing with the clothes and tools of a sick person.
If reusable gloves are used, these gloves must be intended for washing and should not be used for other purposes, taking care to wash hands after removing gloves, and taking into account the following aspects and matters:
1. In cases where gloves are not used when handling dirty laundry, hands should be washed immediately after finishing this.
2. Allocate certain places for laundry baskets and avoid transferring dirty clothes from one place to another, as this would reduce the possibility of the virus spreading in the air
3. It is recommended to use products intended for washing according to the manufacturer's instructions
4. When cleaning laundry baskets, it is worth taking the advice and directions that were clarified in the section on cleaning and sterilizing surfaces.
General recommendations when cleaning and sterilizing homes and facilities for homes that contain isolated people
It is necessary to clean surfaces that are frequently touched, such as tables, chairs, door handles, light switches, and remote controls, with attention when cleaning rooms designated for isolating individuals and their facilities, such as bathrooms and others, as it is preferable to clean them by the injured himself if he can do so or by others when needed to avoid For direct contact with the sick person is not necessary, and it is advised to pay attention to the following points as well:
1. Isolate the sick person in a specific room and keep him away from uninfected family members
2. Work on preparing personal cleaning tools for the sick person’s room and bathroom, including personal cleaning supplies, towels, paper napkins, and the necessary general detergents and disinfectants.
3. In cases where it is not possible to provide a separate bathroom for the sick person, the bathroom must be cleaned and disinfected after each use. The sick person should also eat food in his room, taking care to clean utensils and dishes using hot water and soap, and clean hands after handling these utensils
4. Allocate a wastebasket for the sick person, taking care to use gloves when removing, handling, or disposing of garbage or its bags.
Washing hands frequently, especially after removing gloves or contacting the sick person, and making sure to wash hands with soap and water for no less than 30 seconds, and if soap and water are not available, it is necessary to use a hand sanitizer that contains alcohol at least 60%, concerning To the necessity of washing hands immediately with soap and water, if available